Lesson 18: PRONOUNS-PRONOMI


Today it is time to focus on an important part of Italian grammar, namely pronouns! Let’s get started 😀
Pronouns (PRONOMI) are variable parts of speech, therefore they change in gender and number.  They are used to avoid repetition and replace a noun. There are five types of pronoun: personal, possessive, demonstrative, relative and indefinite.
Let’s start with the easiest one:
PERSONAL PRONOUNS (subject) – PRONOMI PERSONALI SOGGETTO
IO – I
TU – you
EGLI/ELLA – he/she
NOI – we
VOI – you
ESSI/ESSE – they
In a sentences like: “Maria is very tired” you can replace the noun “Maria” with a personal pronoun and it becomes “She is very tired”. IN ITALIAN —> Maria è molto stanca = Essa è molto stanca.
Now, I have to tell you that we hardly ever use “egli/essa” and “essi/esse” because it is very awkward to tell the truth. After the language reform made by Alessandro Manzoni (Italian writer), it is accteped to use “LUI/LEI” and “LORO“. As you may already know, they are indirect object personal pronouns.
As for the above sentence, I would say (and it would sound more natural/Italian): LEI E’ MOLTO STANCA.
Marco is very happy – He is very happy = LUI è molto contento (not “egli”)
Marco and Maria are married – They are married = LORO sono sposati (not “essi”)
PERSONAL PRONOUNS  (direct & indirect object) – PRONOMI PERSONALI COMPLEMENTO
Forma atona (unstressed): These do not have their own accent and are always pronounced before or with the verb.
Examples: Ti parlo (I talk to you) or Vieni a trovarci (Come to visit us).
Forma tonica (stressed): These pronouns have their own accent and they are usually put after the verb.
Examples: Penso a te (I think of you) or Cerco loro (I’m looking for them).
Here’s a chart to help you understand better:
persona funzione soggetto funzione complemento
forma tonica forma atona
1ª singolare io me mi
2ª singolare tu te ti
3ª singolare maschile lui, (egli, esso)[1] lui, sé (stesso) lo, gli, si
femminile lei, (ella, essa)[1] lei, sé (stessa) la, le, si
1ª plurale noi noi ci
2ª plurale voi voi vi
3ª plurale maschile loro, (essi)[1] loro, sé (stessi) li, ne, si
femminile loro, (esse)[1] loro, sé (stesse) le, ne, si
Examples of direct object: TI VEDO (vedo te) (I see you)
                                      TI AMO (amo te) (I love you)
                  indirect object: VIENI CON ME (Come with me)
                                        TI DO UN FIORE (do un fiore a te) (I give a flower to you)
Stay tuned for part II of this lesson, there is more to say about pronouns 🙂
Thank you for stopping by!
Ciaaooo!
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