Lesson 13: Adjectives – Aggettivi (part I)

Hello everyone and welcome back to my blog! Today, I’ve got a new lesson for you and it’s about adjectives! As you can see, I’m going through all the parts of the speech.

The adjective (l’aggettivo) is a variable part of the speech. There are two types of adjective: —> aggettivo qualificativo (qualifying) and —> aggettivo determinativo (determining)

This post focuses on qualifying adjectives: a qualifying adjective qualifies a noun. For example: una casa bella = a beautiful house  —-> BELLA(beautiful) is a qualifying adjective because it qualifies the house.

Degrees of comparison: positive, comparative and superlative.

  • positive/positivo – a simple adjective such as tall, short, good, etc. (alto, basso, buono, ecc.)
  • comparativo / comparative

– di uguaglianza –> John is as talk as Mark / John è alto come Mark

– di maggioranza —> John is taller than Mark / John è più alto di Mark
– di minoranza —> John is less tall than Mark / John è meno alto di Mark
  • superlativo / superlative

– assoluto (absolute) —> John is very tall / John è altissimo (general)

– relativo (relative) —> John is the tallest in the classroom / John è il più alto della classe (in a particular situation or place)
Here are some examples:
Positivo – Positive Comparativo – Comparative Superlativo – Superlative
regular irregular regular irregular
buono (good) più buono migliore  buonissimo ottimo
cattivo (bad) più cattivo peggiore cattivissimo pessimo
grande (big) più grande maggiore grandissimo massimo
piccolo (little) più piccolo minore piccolissimo minimo
alto (alto) più alto superore altissimo sommo
basso (short) più basso inferiore bassissimo infimo

In Italian, both regular and irregular forms are generally used!

Thank you for your attention, stay tuned for part II 🙂


3 thoughts on “Lesson 13: Adjectives – Aggettivi (part I)

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