Welcome back! Here’s part two of Lesson 8: NOUNS.
HOW TO TRANSFORM A MASCULINE NOUN INTO A FEMININE NOUN (general rules which obviously may vary according to the context):
1-masculine noun ending in -O, its feminine equivalent ends with letter -A:
CUOCO >>>> CUOCA (cook)
COMMESSO >>>> COMMESSA (salesperson)
SARTO >>>> SARTA (tailor)
2-masculine noun ending in -E, its feminine equivalent ends with letter -A:
PROFESSORE >>>> PROFESSORESSA (professor)
CAMERIERE >>>> CAMERIERA (waiter-waitress)
CASSIERE >>>> CASSIERA (cashier).
3-masculine noun ending in -A, usually do not change:
GIORNALISTA >>>> GIORNALISTA (journalist)
ASTRONAUTA >>>> ASTRONAUTA (astronaut)
4-masculine noun endig in -TORE, its feminine equivalent ends in -TRICE:
SCRITTORE >>>> SCRITTRICE (writer)
PITTORE >>>> PITTRICE (painter)
ATTORE >>>> ATTRICE (actor-actress)
exceptions: nouns that change completely:
RE –> REGINA (king–> queen)
DIO –> DEA (god–> goddess)
DOTTORE —> DOTTORESSA (doctor)
POETA —> POETESSA (poet)
HOW TO TRANSFORM A SINGULAR NOUN INTO A PLURAL NOUN
1-nouns ending in -O (usually masculin):
LIBRO >>>> LIBRI (book -> books)
CAVALLO >>>> CAVALLI (horse -> horses)
CALZINO >>>> CALZINI (sock -> socks).
So, when a noun ends with letter -O, its plural noun ends with letter -I.
2-nouns ending in -A (usually feminine):
PENNA >>>> PENNE (pen -> pens)
SCARPA >>>> SCARPE (shoe -> shoes)
LUNA >>>> LUNE (moon -> moons)
So, when a noun ends with letter -A, its plural noun ends with letter -E.
Days of the week do not change when plural!
Thanks for reading this post. Stay tuned for Lesson 9 🙂 a presto!