Hello everybody and thank you for reading this post 🙂 Today, I am going to write about NOUNS as it’s the first and probably the easiest point on the diagram I have made to explain the parts of the speech (check out Lesson 7). Let’s start!
What is a sostantivo? A sostantivo is a word we use to identify a person, an object, an animal, a place or an idea.
There are various types of sostantivo (also called nome):
- nome proprio: it it the name of a person (John, Maria, Sarah, etc.), of a place/city/country/etc. (Venice, Rome, Spain, Europe, etc.), of a cultural/artistic/political/philosophical tendency (renaissance, enlightenment, communism, etc.). These nouns have to be written with capital letter, therefore we have Rinascimento, Illuminismo, Comunismo, etc.
- nome comune: to identify general objects, places, animals, etc. Albero, cane, casa, etc.
- nome concreto: used to identify tangible, real things, such as a book (libro), a pen (penna), a table (tavolo), etc.
- nome astratto: used to identify ideas or nonmaterial objects, such as happiness (felicità), fear (paura), wisdom (saggezza), etc.
- nome indivuduale: to identify individual entities, such as chair (sedia), shoe (scarpa), knife (coltello), etc.
- nome collettivo: to identify group of animals, things or people. For example: crowd, herd.
- nome primitivo: a word which does not derive from any other word and is just composed of root and desinence. For example: tavolo (table), rosa (rose), etc.
- nome derivato: unfair derives from fair (ingiusto-giusto), injustice derives from justice (ingiustizia-giustizia), etc.
- nome alterato: diminutives, augmentatives, pejoratives and terms of endearments.
- nome composto: union of two words; noun + noun, noun + adjective, adj. + adj., verb + noun, etc.
To be continued… Stay tuned for part II (click here to read)